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What is male urinary incontinence?

19, January | No comments
male urinary incontinence stress urine

Urinary incontinence is defined as leaking urine or inability to hold it. It happens more often in older men than in young men although it is not an inevitable part of aging. It is fair to say that it is not a disease in itself but it is related with other pathologies. Many men suffer from this problem and it affects negatively quality of life.

 

Types of incontinence

 

Stress incontinence: With stress incontinence, you may experience small losses of urine unintentionally or uncontrollably with certain physical movements such as laughing, sneezing, coughing or running that put pressure on your bladder. This type of incontinence is common in men who have a history of prostate surgery or benign prostatic hyperplasia. Exercising your pelvic muscles helps to recover these muscles which are damaged after surgery.

 

Urge incontinence:  It is the inability to hold the urine flow, long enough to reach a toilet. It usually caused by an overactive bladder in which the bladder contracts when it should not. Urge incontinence is also caused by injury to the nervous system and diseases of the nervous system such as Multiple Sclerosis or Parkinson´s disease. As a result, there is an inability to empty the bladder completely or control it. It is also associated to benign hyperplasia.

 

Mixed incontinence: When a man has symptoms of two types of incontinence. It is usually a combination of urge and stress incontinence.

 

Overflow incontinence: It involves steadily small losses of urine o difficulty urinating and it occurs when the bladder is not completely empty due to an obstruction or inactive bladder muscles. It could be a consequence of nerve damage. Another symptom is the feeling of not having emptied the bladder completely. If you are experiencing this, it is important to check with your doctor to diagnose this type of incontinence.

 

Temporary incontinence: Certain medications or infections can cause temporary urinary incontinence which will disappear as long as you are treated.

 

Functional incontinence: It involves the inability to reach the toilet in time by its own means due to physical or mental illness such as spinal cord injury, brain damages among other, which stop from control the bladder or empty it completely.

 

Post-Micturition incontinence: This type of male incontinence is usually caused by age. As its name implies, it occurs when the bladder is not empty enough so it continues to leak after urinating. It is common with weakened pelvic floor muscles.

 

If you suffer from some of these symptoms, we recommend you to check with your doctor in order to seek advice and look for a treatment.

 

Causes of urinary incontinence

 

There are some risk factors which can cause urinary incontinence.

Prostate surgeries usually weaken or damage pelvic muscles causing stress urinary incontinence.

Benign hyperplasia increases the necessity of going to the toilet or feeling the urge to reach the toilet.

Certain medications, nerve damage or injury to the nervous system.

Urine infections could cause an overactive bladder causing temporally incontinence.

Overweight, diabetes and some diuretic pills are all risk factors.

 

Treatments

 

In general, there are two types of treatments: non-invasive treatment or invasive treatment, known as surgery. Before choosing one or the other, you should check with a professional and analyse your incontinence causes.

 

Non-invasive treatment: These treatments strength the pelvic muscles in order to avoid losses of urine, since incontinence is usually caused by a weakened pelvic floor muscles. You can exercise and strength these muscles with different devices and exercises.

 

Electrostimulators such as Sensatone for Men have been designed to treat different types of incontinence through mild electrical pulses via internal anal probe. It is simple to use as with this mild electrical pulses, pelvic muscles contracts unconsciously so you exercise them in a passive way.

 

Intra-anal probe such as Anuform , allows a comfortable stimulation of muscles and accurate bio-feedback. When it is inserted, the anal sphincter fits the narrow neck of the probe automatically ensuring a perfect fit.

 

 

Kegel exercises are quite known as they can improve the pelvic floor muscles if they are done properly. These exercises are compatible with medical devices and medicines. For more information about the pelvic floor exercises, click here. (link al Post eng Pelvic floor. No está publicado aún).

 

For those who suffer from mild to moderate incontinence, there is a urethral closure band.  It is a circular compression cuff which is easily applied to the penis which prevents the inadvertent loss of urine from running out.

 

There are also some medicines but many men report they suffer from side effects.

 

Invasive treatment or surgical: In severe cases surgery is usually inevitable. In moderate incontinence, an invasive treatment is used as a last resort.

 

Tips and advice for male incontinence

 

It is a common mistake thinking that the problem will get better if you drink less water; it is quite the opposite as the urine will be more concentrated.  Drinking water is essential to keep your bladder functioning properly. However, you should try not to drink from 6-7 pm to get a good night´s sleep.

 

Try to avoid alcohol and caffeinated drinks as they are diuretic liquids and the will increase your need to go to the toilet.

 

Sedentary lifestyle and obesity are enemies of urinary incontinence so we recommend you to go for a walk daily and do mild physical exercise to strengthen your muscles.

 

Do not let incontinence to affect your daily basis and try to seek a solution!

 

The purpose of this post is purely informative. It does not replace a medical consultation.

 

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